myz-vgb.ru A Business Encyclopedia

Portfolio Management

Definition: Portfolio Management, implies tactfully managing an investment portfolio, by selecting the best investment mix in the right proportion and continuously shifting them in the portfolio, to increase the return on investment and maximize the wealth of the investor. Here, portfolio refers to a range of financial products, i.e. stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and so…

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Tax Evasion

Definition: Tax evasion can be understood as a tax practice, wherein the assessee, i.e. an individual, Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), Association of Persons (AOP), Body of Individuals (BOI), firm or body corporate, etc. intentionally attempts to avoid or reduce the payment of taxes, by using unauthorized methods or downright frauds. Both illegal non-payment or underpayment…

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Core Competence

Definition: Core Competence implies a pool of exceptional skills, strategies, moves or technology, that demarcates between a leader and an average player, in the industry. It is the vital source of competitive advantage, for a firm over its competitors, which leads to distinctive capabilities or excellence. Characteristics of Core Competence The three fundamental characteristics of…

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Performance Appraisal

Definition: Performance Appraisal is defined as a systematic process, in which the personality and performance of an employee is assessed by the supervisor or manager, against predefined standards, such as knowledge of the job, quality and quantity of output, leadership abilities, attitude towards work, attendance, cooperation, judgment, versatility, health, initiative and so forth. It is…

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Contract

Definition: The term contract is defined as an agreement between two or more parties which has a binding nature, in essence, the agreement with legal enforceability is said to be a contract. It creates and defines the duties and obligations of the parties involved. Process of Contract First and foremost, an offer is made by…

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Cost Sheet

Definition: Cost Sheet, as the name signifies, is a periodical statement that reflects a detailed overview of the cost incurred on various components during the process of production. It is used to determine the cost of a cost object, i.e. product, service, or a cost unit. Specimen of Cost Sheet Cost Sheet helps in the…

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Joint Venture

Definition: Joint Venture can be described as a business arrangement, wherein two or more independent firms come together to form a legally independent undertaking, for a stipulated period, to fulfil a specific purpose such as accomplishing a task, activity or project. In other words, it is a temporary partnership, established for a definite purpose, which…

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Process Analysis

Definition: Process Analysis can be understood as the rational breakdown of the production process into different phases, that turns input into output. It refers to the full-fledged analysis of the business process, which incorporates a series of logically linked routine activities, that uses the resources of the organization, to transform an object, with the aim…

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Job Satisfaction

Definition: Job Satisfaction, as the name suggests, is the feeling of contentment or a sense of accomplishment, which an employee derives from his/her job. It is a result of appraisal that causes one to attain their job values or meet out their basic needs. It helps in determining, to what extent a person likes or…

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Licensing

Definition: Licensing is defined as a business arrangement, wherein a company authorizes another company by issuing a license to temporarily access its intellectual property rights, i.e. manufacturing process, brand name, copyright, trademark, patent, technology, trade secret, etc. for adequate consideration and under specified conditions. The firm that permits another firm to use its intangible assets…

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