myz-vgb.ru A Business Encyclopedia

Bill of Exchange

Definition: Bill of Exchange, can be understood as a written negotiable instrument, that carries an unconditional order to pay a specified sum of money to a designated person or the holder of the instrument, as directed in the instrument by the maker. The bill of exchange is either payable on demand, or after a specified…

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Golden Rules of Accounting

Definition: In Double entry system, due to its dual aspect, every transaction affects two accounts, one of which is debited and other is credited. To record the transactions in the journal, in a sequential way, certain rules are required, and these rules are called as Golden Rules of Accounting. Types of Account To understand the…

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Marketing Mix

Definition: Marketing Mix is a group of marketing variables that the firm combines and controls, to produce the desired response in the target market. It is an important marketing tool that comprises of all the elements which influence the demand for the products offered by the firm. Components of Marketing Mix The different marketing activities…

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Intellectual Property

Definition: Intellectual Property, as the name suggests, is an intangible property, which is a product of human intellect, capital, labour, etc. such as artistic creations, literary works, inventions and so forth. It is intangible because it cannot be identified with the help of its physical characteristics. To safeguard the interest of the creators, intellectual property…

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Portfolio Management

Definition: Portfolio Management, implies tactfully managing an investment portfolio, by selecting the best investment mix in the right proportion and continuously shifting them in the portfolio, to increase the return on investment and maximize the wealth of the investor. Here, portfolio refers to a range of financial products, i.e. stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and so…

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Tax Evasion

Definition: Tax evasion can be understood as a tax practice, wherein the assessee, i.e. an individual, Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), Association of Persons (AOP), Body of Individuals (BOI), firm or body corporate, etc. intentionally attempts to avoid or reduce the payment of taxes, by using unauthorized methods or downright frauds. Both illegal non-payment or underpayment…

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Core Competence

Definition: Core Competence implies a pool of exceptional skills, strategies, moves or technology, that demarcates between a leader and an average player, in the industry. It is the vital source of competitive advantage, for a firm over its competitors, which leads to distinctive capabilities or excellence. Characteristics of Core Competence The three fundamental characteristics of…

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Performance Appraisal

Definition: Performance Appraisal is defined as a systematic process, in which the personality and performance of an employee is assessed by the supervisor or manager, against predefined standards, such as knowledge of the job, quality and quantity of output, leadership abilities, attitude towards work, attendance, cooperation, judgment, versatility, health, initiative and so forth. It is…

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Contract

Definition: The term contract is defined as an agreement between two or more parties which has a binding nature, in essence, the agreement with legal enforceability is said to be a contract. It creates and defines the duties and obligations of the parties involved. Process of Contract First and foremost, an offer is made by…

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Cost Sheet

Definition: Cost Sheet, as the name signifies, is a periodical statement that reflects a detailed overview of the cost incurred on various components during the process of production. It is used to determine the cost of a cost object, i.e. product, service, or a cost unit. Specimen of Cost Sheet Cost Sheet helps in the…

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