A Business Encyclopedia

Six Sigma

Definition: Six Sigma is defined as a management technique employed to maintain the desired quality in the organization’s processes and end products. It involves, taking planned and integrated steps, so as to enhance the quality of products and reducing cost.

Six Sigma is a well-organized method of developing and providing, those products and services to the customers that are nearly perfect. The process aims at satisfying and improving goals of the firm, with respect to quality, cost, manpower, new products, and so forth. Here, efforts are continuously made to update the current standards and setting up higher ones.

Objectives of Six Sigma

When represented statistically, six sigma explains the way process is performing. When in a process, the maximum number of defects per million should not more than 3.4, then only six sigma can be achieved.

Six Sigma Methodology

To implement six sigma, there are two types of methodologies, for current and new processes, which are:

Six Sigma Methodology

  1. DMAIC: It is an improvement technique for current processes, products, and services whose specifications are not up to the mark and striving for incremental improvement.
    • Define: Define the process improvement goals, which are in tandem with the organization’s strategy and the customer’s demands.
    • Measure: Measure the current processes so as to make the comparison in future.
    • Analyze: Data is analyzed, so as to verify the cause and effect relationship between the variables in the current processes.
    • Improve: Based on the analyses, a detailed plan is made so as to make improvement in the current process using various techniques.
    • Control: Pilot study and the intial trial are made to identify process capability. After that process is measured continuously, to ensure that process is free from defects and control deviations.
  2. DMADV: It is an improvement methodology, for designing new processes, products, and services, with six sigma quality levels.
    • Define: First of all, the goals of the process is determined, which should match the company’s strategy and customer’s needs.
    • Measure: Next, identify the characteristics which are critical to quality (CTQ) and measure them such as product capability, process capability and the risk involved.
    • Analyze: Design and develop, various alternatives and analyze them, so as to select the best out of them.
    • Design: Design the best alternative, which suits the requirements.
    • Verify: Verify the design by simulations or pilot runs and implement the process.

Six Sigma is not only a quality initiative but a business initiative too, as it involves analyzing business processes to improve them.

Themes of Six Sigma

Six Sigma Themes

  • Theme 1 – Genuine focus on the customer: By implementing six sigma, the organization is able to learn more about their customers. Here, the top-most priority is given to the customers, and the improvements can be measured by their effect on customer satisfaction.
  • Theme 2 – Data and fact-driven Management: Six Sigma is based on the concept of ‘management by fact’ as well as takes it to a higher level.
  • Theme 3 – Processes are where the action is: Six Sigma is a process-oriented technique, wherein the processes are seen as the major vehicle for the organization’s success.
  • Theme 4 – Proactive Management: Proactive means, acting beforehand. Six Sigma involves those tools and techniques which are dynamic, responsive and proactive at the same time.
  • Theme 5 – Boundaryless collaboration: It means to break the barriers and encourage teamwork within the organization.
  • Theme 6 – Drive for perfection, tolerate failure: Six Sigma, strives for perfection, for which failures or mistakes should be tolerated.

Six Sigma is just to make every unit or process of the organization capable of satisfying the changing demands of the customers, markets, as well as technology, along with benefitting the stakeholders.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Related pages

laissez-faire leadership examplesdefine etailingseasonal unemployment exampleswhat is job enlargement with exampleclassical and neoclassical theory of managementchit fund meaning in hindiforex meaningexplain cash reserve ratiomeaning of pertmarket challenger strategies pdfhenri fayol theory of managementwhy indifference curve is convexliquidity ratios meaningexample of stratified sampling techniquesalient means in hindiprocedure of capital budgetingsell and leasebackblackscholes formulameaning of chitdefinition of job enrichmentdefine internationalizationcurrency trading arbitragemarkup pricing examplevariable cost definition in accountingtypes of demat accountthe explicit cost of production is also calleddefine gantdescribe diminishing marginal utilitysealed bid pricing strategymrs definition economicsscientific management fw taylorrestructure meaningsensitivity training definitiondetermination meaning in teluguwhat is an operant behaviorppf account maturityautocrat definitionbureaucracy max weberadvantages and disadvantages of financial institutionsprofitability ratios meaningorganisational hierarchy definitionpsychoanalytic behaviorexplain aptitude testdeontological ethics definitionstrategies for market challengerinfrastructure fund definitionhire purchase depreciationdistinguish between fiscal deficit and revenue deficitmotivation theory mcclellanddiminishing of marginal utilitypoachers definitiondefine ivan pavlovbanking kiosksformula for total asset turnover ratioojt definitiongeocentric meaningjudgemental definehiller meaningtypes of training methods in hrmdefinition of microfinance institutionitemized rating scalesdefine whistleblowingblake mouton leadership gridtaylor and scientific managementmeaning of rationingmeaning of guerrillanational pension scheme nps indiasbu marketingwhat is meant by demand pull inflationrecruitment methods in hrm