A Business Encyclopedia

Self Theory

Definition: The Self Theory emphasizes on the set of perceptions an individual has for himself and the perceptions of the relationships he has with others and the other aspects of life. Carl Rogers has contributed significantly towards the self theory.

The self theory comprises of four factors that are explained below:

Self Theory

  1. Self-Image: Self-image means what an individual thinks about himself. Everybody has certain beliefs about themselves, such as who or what they are, these beliefs form the self image and identity of a person.

    According to Erikson, identity is formed through a lifelong development usually unconscious to the individual and his society, i.e. an individual forms perception about himself unconsciously, according to the social circumstances.

  2. Ideal-Self: The ideal-self means, the way an individual would like to be. It is very much different from the self-image, as it shows the ideal position perceived by an individual, whereas the self-image is the reality that an individual perceives.Thus, there could be a gap between these two.

    The ideal-self-acts as a stimulus to motivate an individual to undertake those activities that are in compliance with the characteristics of his ideal self.

  3. Looking-Glass-Self: The looking-glass self means, an individual’s perception of how others are perceiving his qualities or feeling about him. Simply, it is the perception of other’s perception, i.e. perceiving what others perceive about yourself and not see what actually you are.
  4. Real-Self: The real-self is what others show you with respect to your self-image. An individual’s self-image is confirmed when others responses to him and shares their beliefs or perception, about what they actually feel about him.

    This is taken as feedback from the environment that helps an individual to adjusts his self-image accordingly and be in line with the cues he had received.

Thus, according to Carl Rogers, the self theory is composed of several perceptions of “I” or “me” and the perception of relationships of “I” and “me” to others.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Related pages

define diversification in economicscarrot principle summaryleveraged leasee tailing advantagesretrenchment meaning in hindiskimming pricing strategy definitiondefine quota economicschit fund definitionforeign exchange rate wikiguerilla warfare meaningdefine vestibulemonopolies meaningleveraged buyout definitionhr balanced scorecard definitionsystematicsamplingneft transfer timingsdownsizing meaning in hindidefine rowenfactors affecting marketing environmentansoff marketingethnocentric attitude in managementcomponents of classical conditioningretail audit meaningadvantages and disadvantages of owners capitalstraddle strategy exampleunemployment cyclicalf distribution degrees of freedomgreenmailhierarchical meaning in teluguproperties of isoquantsexplain cross elasticity of demandemployee provident fundsprinciples of managementsvarious methods of evaluation of capital budgeting proposalswhat is revenue deficit and fiscal deficitwhat is snowball samplingcyclical unemployment definitiondivestment meaningconstant elasticity of substitution ces production functiondelphi technique of decision makingasset turnover formulaschumpeteriancharacteristics oligopolydefinition for autocracyprocess of job analysis in hrmdefine milerblack scholehomogeneity economicspersonality theoristsexample of market skimming pricingdefinition of buyer behaviourrecruitment dashboard formatconsumer tastes definitionprocess of hrd auditlinear programming simplexspearman's rank formulalikert rating scale examplescomputerized stock control systemhertzberg theory of motivationmnc meaningansoff matrix growth strategydefine queuingdefine connotative languageomo commercialinternationalization meaningdefinition of treasury billsdefinition of conglomerate in economicscorporate culture tutor2uwhat is retrenchingwhat is the difference between finance lease and operating leasedefine thematicsfive portersdefinition of suasionpostofficesavingshomogeneous hindi meaningmarket theory of wage determination