myz-vgb.ru A Business Encyclopedia

Scientific Management Theory

Definition: The Scientific Management Theory is well known for its application of engineering science at the production floor or the operating levels. The major contributor of this theory is Fredrick Winslow Taylor, and that’s why the scientific management is often called as “Taylorism”.

The scientific management theory focused on improving the efficiency of each individual in the organization. The major emphasis is on increasing the production through the use of intensive technology, and the human beings are just considered as adjuncts to machines in the performance of routine tasks.

The scientific management theory basically encompasses the work performed on the production floor as these tasks are quite different from the other tasks performed within the organization. Such as, these are repetitive in nature, and the individual workers performing their daily activities are divided into a large number of cyclical repetition of same or closely related activities. Also, these activities do not require the individual worker to exercise complex-problem solving activity. Therefore, more attention is required to be imposed on the standardization of working methods and hence the scientific management theory laid emphasis on this aspect.

The major principles of scientific management, given by Taylor, can be summarized as follows:

  • Separate planning from doing.
  • The Functional foremanship of supervision,i.e. Eight supervisors required to give directions and instructions in their respective fields.
  • Time, motion and fatigue studies shall be used to determine the fair amount of work done by each individual worker.
  • Improving the working conditions and standardizing the tools, period of work and cost of production.
  • Proper scientific selection and training of workmen should be done.
  • The financial incentives should be given to the workers to boost their productivity and motivate them to perform well.

Thus, the scientific management theory focused more on mechanization and automation, i.e., technical aspects of efficiency rather than the broader aspects of human behavior in the organization.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Shares

Related pages


adams theory of equityexamples of law of diminishing marginal utilitypost office savings monthly income schemecauses of channel conflict in marketingjohari meaninglinear programming simplex algorithmporters definitionwhat is the meaning of kioskhow monetary policy controls inflationdiminishing marginal valuemodigliani & millercarrot idiompavlovs theoryadvantages and disadvantages of short term sources of financetheories of profit in managerial economicsdefinition of formal and informal communicationconsumer's equilibriummarketing strategies for market leadersconsolidated meaning in teluguoligopoly companydef of coefficientasset management ratios definitiondefine retrenchmentdef of chronickiosk banking sbidefinition of classical conditioningordinal measurement definitionlaissez fair leadership styleoperant conditioning termsnorming definitiondefine participative leadershipdefinition of superiorsdeontology ethics definitiontraditional methods of capital budgetingexamples of brand extensionsdelegating dutieswhat is neft in bankingepf contribution of employee and employerdivesting definitionwhat is g2g meanthe donkey and the carrotoligopoly market structuresexample of denotation and connotation in a sentenceexplain the concept of collective bargainingethical theoristhenri fayol administrative theorymeaning autocracysubstitution method exampleretrenched meaningfactors affecting consumer decision makingwhat is marketing segmentationdelphi tecniquesix sigma methodology definitionlaw of diminising marginal utilityindifferent defwhat is the meaning of poachamortization schedule definitionhow do you calculate capital employedlaissez faire management definitioncobb douglas production function in managerial economicslikert methodapprenticeship definemarketing strategies for market leadersdemergermultiplier accelerator interactionquantitative instruments of monetary policyopen market operations rbimanagerial grid trainingguerrilla warfare definedelegate tamil meaningbackward integration strategy examplesdefinition of hire purchaseordinal scale in statisticstypes of dividend policy in financial managementmarkups meaningarbitrage definition economics