A Business Encyclopedia

Job Design

Definition: The Job Design means outlining the task, duties, responsibilities, qualifications, methods and relationships required to perform the given set of a job. In other words, job design encompasses the components of the task and the interaction pattern among the employees, with the intent to satisfy both the organizational needs and the social needs of the jobholder.

The objective of a job design is to arrange the work in such a manner so as to reduce the boredom and dissatisfaction among the employees, arising due to the repetitive nature of the task.

There are several important methods and techniques that the management uses while designing the jobs. These are:

Job Design

  1. Job Simplification
  2. Job Rotation
  3. Job Enrichment
  4. Job Enlargement

While designing the job, the following aspects are to be taken into the consideration:

  1. The foremost requirement for a job design is to define clearly the task an individual is supposed to perform. A task is the piece of work assigned to the individual and who has to perform it within the given time limits.
  2. The management must decide on the level of motivation that is required to be enforced on an individual to get the work completed successfully. Thus, the managers must design the jobs that motivate his employees.
  3. The managers must decide critically on the amount of resources that needs to be allocated to perform a particular type of a job. Thus, the efforts should be made to make an optimum utilization of organizational resources while designing the job so that the organization does not suffer any dilemma due to the shortage of its resources.
  4. When the jobs are assigned to the individual, he agrees to do it because of the rewards attached to it. Thus, the manager must include in the job design the compensation, bonuses, incentives, benefits and other remuneration method for the employees.

Thus, the job should be designed with the intent to find a fit between the job and its performer, such that the job is performed efficiently, and the performer experiences satisfaction while performing it and give his best efforts towards its completion.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Related pages

14 principal of henri fayolfiedler contingency model of leadershipdef of indifferentjit meansdescribe oligopolytypes of elasticity economicstypes of dividend policy in financial managementdirect variable cost definitiondominate mean in hindiproduct mix definition marketingcheques definitionwhat is operant conditioning in psychologywhat are the trait theories of personalitywhistle blowing conceptdefine exploitivesell and leasebackexamples of laissez-faire leadershiphindi meaning of delegationmnc companies meansunion bank neft timingsconstant elasticity demand curvereserve repo rate definitionmethods of job analysis in hrmwhat does stradle meanwhat is operant theoryteological ethicsdefine futures contractrating scale performance appraisaltraining imparted meaningjoseph schumpeter theory of entrepreneurship pdfwhat type of strategy would divestiture be classified aswhat is disguised unemploymentdefine autonomouslyemployees provident fund of indiaexternal factor affecting businessvroom's expectancy theory definitionmotivation hygiene theory definitionpayroll meaning in hrselling cost in monopolistic competitiondefinition of quota samplingaverage collection formulacarrot and stick method of motivationcessation defstatutory liquidity ratio formulaskimming price policy definitionwhat is the capm formuladefine autocratic managementsimplex method in lppneft transactionquota sampling is an example of probability samplingexplicit cost in economicsemployee provident fund pension schememonopolistic competationmodified internal rate of returncost push inflation causesdefine fixed and variable costsdemand is said to be inelastic whenintrapreneurship definitionporters 5 forces templateauthoritarian leadership style definitionequity carve outsdifferent methods of demand forecastingomo commercialansoff market penetrationdefine divestedexpectancy theory psychologywhat is the definition of flankproduct line exampledefine efttraining methods hrmhorizontal communication definition and exampleoligopoly definition economicschallenger marketing strategypreliminary interview